Their conflict, stemming from essays Hamilton had penned against Burr, was an episode in a larger clash between two political ideologies:
The election of Jefferson inwhich he called "the revolution of ", brought in the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson and the permanent eclipse of the Federalists, apart from the Supreme Court. While principled, with vehemently held core beliefs, the Jeffersonians had factions that disputed the true meaning of their creed.
For example, during the War of it became apparent that independent state militia units were inadequate for conducting a serious war against a major country. The new Secretary of War John C. Calhouna Jeffersonian, proposed to build up the Army.
With the support of most Republicans in Congress, he got his way. The core political value of America is republicanism —citizens have a civic duty to aid the state and resist corruption, especially monarchism and aristocracy.
The Jeffersonian party was officially the "Republican Party" political scientists later called it the Democratic-Republican Party to differentiate it from the later Republican Party of Lincoln. Turnout indeed soared across the country. In the presidential election, he blanketed the state with agents who passed out 30, hand-written tickets, naming all 15 electors printed tickets were not allowed.
Historians consider Beckley to be one of the first American professional campaign managers and his techniques were quickly adopted in other states. The national government is a dangerous necessity to be instituted for the common benefit, protection and security of the people, nation or community—it should be watched closely and circumscribed in its powers.
Most anti-Federalists from — joined the Jeffersonians. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of written secretly by Jefferson and James Madison proclaim these principles. Financiers, bankers and industrialists make cities the "cesspools of corruption" and should be avoided.
Constitution The United States Constitution was written in order to ensure the freedom of the people. However, as Jefferson wrote to James Madison in"no society can make a perpetual constitution or even a perpetual law.
The earth belongs always to the living generation". The protection and expansion of human liberty was one of the chief goals of the Jeffersonians. They also reformed their respective state systems of education. They believed that their citizens had a right to an education no matter their circumstance or status in life.
The Jeffersonians lost this battle to Chief Justice John Marshalla Federalist, who dominated the Court from to his death in Control by Spain was tolerable—control by France was unacceptable.
A standing army and navy are dangerous to liberty and should be avoided—much better was to use economic coercion such as the embargo.
The militia was adequate to defend the nation. During the Revolutionary War previously, a national conflict, in this case the War ofrequired the creation of a national army for the duration of international hostilities. Westward expansion[ edit ] Territorial expansion of the United States was a major goal of the Jeffersonians because it would produce new farm lands for yeomen farmers.
The Jeffersonians wanted to integrate the Indians into American society, or remove further west those tribes that refused to integrate. However Sheehan argues that the Jeffersonians, with the best of goodwill toward the Indians, destroyed their distinctive cultures with its misguided benevolence.
It opened up vast new fertile farmlands from Louisiana to Montana. Jefferson saw the West as an economic safety valve which would allow people in the crowded East to own farms.
The farmers with whom Jefferson identified conquered the West, often through violence against Native Americans. Jefferson himself sympathized with Native Americans, but that did not stop him from enacting policies that would continue the trend towards the dispossession of their lands.
The workers would no longer be independent voters. Such a situation, Jefferson feared, would leave the American people vulnerable to political subjugation and economic manipulation. The solution Jefferson came up with was, as scholar Clay Jenkinson noted, "a graduated income tax that would serve as a disincentive to vast accumulations of wealth and would make funds available for some sort of benign redistribution downward" as well as tariffs on imported articles, which were mainly purchased by the wealthy.Yet the United States we have today is not Jefferson’s, but Hamilton’s.
Why? Because once the Hamiltonian system was set, it stuck. It worked. - Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton entertained many differing ideas of how the United States (US) should be run, especially in relation of philosophical ideas, domestic policy, and foreign policy.
Adams, John: letter to Thomas Jefferson Letter from John Adams to Thomas Jefferson, January 1, Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C. (s) More than the elegiac tone of the letters, the correspondence dramatized the contradictory impulses generated by the American Revolution and symbolized by the two aging patriarchs.
In return, Hamilton agreed to use his influence to locate the new national capital on the Potomac River, a location that favored the Southern states which Madison represented.
Ellis notes that Jefferson's account of the dinner is the only extant one. Jeffersonian democracy is a term used for the political ideals of Thomas Jefferson (), the third U.S. president, and his followers from the s until the presidency of Andrew Jackson in the s.
Hamilton vs. Jefferson A conflict took shape in the s between America's first political parties. Indeed, the Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, and the Republicans (also called Democratic-Republicans), led by Thomas Jefferson, were the first political parties in the Western world.