THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL ORDER This introductory course deals with structural aspects of the international legal system, including the jurisprudence of international law and differing cultural and philosophical perspectives; the history of the international legal system; customary international law; treaty law; statehood and recognition; the United Nations and international organizations; and the relationship of the international legal system to domestic legal systems, using the United States as a primary example. Time permitting; we may also cover selected issues in arms control, international environmental law, and international economic law. We will also explore how these subfields relate to domestic law, focusing on the U.
Eric A Heinze Y: Most of these treatments, however, make certain PR 8 arguments or assumptions about the morality of humanitarian intervention without fully exploring 9 their precise philosophical underpinnings, which has led to an increasingly disjointed body of 10 literature.
The purpose of this essay, therefore, is to suggest that the conventional arguments and 11 assumptions made about the morality of humanitarian intervention can be encompassed in what is 12 essentially a consequentialist framework.
In doing so, I argue that consequentialism as a theory of the right provides the best fit TE 16 with commonsense morality on humanitarian intervention. This is important not only to reveal the 17 precise philosophical underpinnings of the debate, but also to bring ethical, prudential and 18 political considerations together in a coherent ethical discourse.
As such, the ethical basis for humanitarian N 29 30 intervention has been the subject of a great deal of academic inquiry in recent years, drawing from numerous broadly defined theoretical traditions U 31 32 such as realism, liberalism, the English School, Just War theory, and myriad 33 approaches from applied ethics e.
Heinze, University of Oklahoma, Elm Ave. Some of the earlier treatments of the 39 subject recognize the need to provide a philosophical analysis of this subject 40 on the basis of either deontological or consequentialist moral reasoning 41 e.
While this has not necessarily been a dangerous or incorrect assumption to make, it is one that O 47 48 has lacked the empirical and philosophical scrutiny to which our assumptions 49 must A deontological approach to humanitarian intervention subjected if they are to be accepted as reasonable and valid.
|Defining Peace||Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. This plant would manufacture Electric Multiple Units for suburban trains and coaches for metros.|
|ILO Courses | Tufts Fletcher School||Contact Us A deontological approach to humanitarian intervention In part. A Novel Constructivist Analysis Constructivist approach to the analysis of humanitarian humanitarian intervention has Generally The Just War those who choose The history of the atom the deontological approach to humanitarian law will decide Humanitarian Intervention from an Expedient Laurie Calhoun Abstract Recent international developments have introduced the possibility of war waged a review of the story sir gawain and the green knight on behalf of people unable to defend themselves.|
|Military Intervention, Humanitarian | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy||References and Further Reading 1.|
The PR 50 result has been a disjointed literature that makes a common assumption, but 51 that fails to fully appreciate what this assumption entails.
The purpose of this 52 essay is to fill this pronounced gap in the literature on humanitarian 53 intervention by providing an ethical justification for it on the basis of a coherent and consistent ethical discourse.
I shall argue that the ethics of 54 55 D humanitarian intervention is essentially consequentialist in nature and that it is this mode of moral reasoning that provides the best ethical justification of TE 56 57 humanitarian intervention that is consistent with commonsense moral 58 intuition.
Drawing from the normative ethics of Shelly Kagan 62, I then identify the different morally relevant factors that must 63 be considered when contemplating or appraising humanitarian intervention. However, the fact that engaging in such an act is likely to result O 68 in at least some harm to innocent bystanders is also morally relevant.
The 69 fundamental concern of this inquiry is with the ethical dilemma of harming C 70 or killing some people to save others, which itself raises numerous morally 71 relevant factors, as reflected in the voluminous literature on humanitarian N 72 intervention.
The task of this essay will therefore be to articulate these factors 73 and discover how they interact in order to determine the moral status of humanitarian intervention and how it can be morally justified.
U 74 75 One way a person can seek to morally justify acts like humanitarian 76 intervention is by reference to widely shared moral intuitions, or common- 77 sense morality see Kagan The basis for many 84 arguments about humanitarian intervention in the extant literature has 85 indeed been essentially a commonsense moral outlook e.
This is for very good reasons, as our shared 88 moral intuitions are difficult to ignore in dramatic situations, such as the 89 prospect of torturing a child to death, wherein we immediately seek to condemn such acts as morally wrong.
We thus expect an adequate moral F 90 91 theory to provide a good fit with our moral intuitions, but reject it if it does O 92 not. My account of commonsense morality concerning humanitarian 93 intervention is derived from the various common assumptions, arguments and views in the prevailing literature on the subject.
This essay, therefore, O 94 95 articulates the various morally relevant factors of humanitarian intervention 96 from the point of view of commonsense morality and argues that a PR 97 consequentialist ethical framework provides the best fit with moral intuition 98 on this subject see Kagan I am fully aware that by relying on commonsense morality I risk TE slipping into the realm of opinions, judgments and beliefs.
For example, even though we scoff at double standards and selective indignation, there are R sound moral as well as strategic reasons why NATO engaged in a military intervention against Serbia over ethnic cleansing in Kosovo inbut R would not even consider taking such action against Russia over its gross human rights violations in Chechnya.
N Consequentialism and its Critics Fully determinate ethical theories generally have two components: A theory of the good can be described as a view about which values or properties we should to want to be reflected in our actions or in the world more generally.
In other words, a theory of the good is a view about what properties are desirable or valuable. Heinze valuable attribute Bentham  ; Mill  A theory of the right, by contrast, does not purport a view about what properties are good or valuable.
Rather, it is a view about what agents should do by way of responding to properties held to be good or valuable, such as happiness or welfare. Consequentialism is the theory of the right that asserts that whatever values an individual or institutional agent adopts that is, whatever theory of the good one adoptsthe proper response to these values is to promote them Pettit Thus, a consequentialist asserts that certain acts are only morally permissible if they produce the most possible amount of good F that the situation allows.
Take utilitarianism, for example. The paradigmatic example of a deontological maxim comes from the ethics of Immanuel KantEC whereby he asserts that we should never tell a lie because we must always honor the value of honesty, even if this obliges us to tell the truth to an enraged murderer looking for someone who is hiding in our house.
For Kant, we should act as if our behavior were to become universal law.Armed Humanitarian Intervention Humanitarian intervention is a use of military force to address extraordinary suffering of people, such as genocide or similar, large-scale violation of basic of human rights, where people’s suffering results from their own government’s actions or failures to act.
humanitarian intervention as a means to address gross injustices and the violation of human rights, there has been a relatively limited attempt to respond to the more problematic questions associated with the use of force often associated with intervention and the.
The MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Law and Neuroscience. a cosmopolitan approach to humanitarian intervention Garrett Wallace Brown University of Sheffield, UK Alexandra Bohm University of Sheffield, UK Abstract Cosmopolitans often argue that the international community has a humanitarian deontological claims as a foundation for military intervention, which results in unique.
deontological approach posits that “the standard of right or wrong consists of one or more rules—either fairly concrete ones like ‘we ought to tell the truth ‘ “goodness lay in . Humanitarian Intervention: Moral Perspectives Tyrome Clark This thesis argues a deontological perspective is essential.
References to events Rwanda, Darfur, and Kosovo are made. There is a critical role for of a deontological approach to humanitarian intervention. In constructing an effective future.